Photomanipulation: form of digital art where image editing techniques are used so as to create a new image that does not bear close resemblance to the original, as opposed to mere enhancement or correction. The 'pure' photomanipulation is combining two or more photographs and photographic resources (such as textures) into a new image. Other techniques may involve:
- digital painting (if the amount of painting done is significant, the images may be referred to as matte painting);
- rendered objects in 3D modelling software;
- rendered objects in 3D rendering software;
- vector images.
If the use of other elements is significant, the images may be classified as digital mixed media.
The most common software used for photomanipulation is Adobe Photoshop, though other graphic editing programs may be used, such as Adobe Photoshop Elements, Corel Paint Shop Pro, Corel Photo-Paint, The Gimp, Paint.NET etc.
Photomanips vs Other Art Forms
Photomanipulations are images that have been composed of at least two major elements. The final product does not resemble closely one of these elements. The main feature of an ideal photomanipulation is that it is seamless - it is not possible to distinguish the places where the images were joined together. This is the main difference between photomanipulation and other types of digital photomontage with which it is confused often:
- digital darkroom - using filters, layer correction, textures etc. on a photo for correction and enhancement;
- collages - combining multiple images, brushes and textures to obtain a digital version of traditional collage - the images in a collage are meant to be separate, not to present a wholly new image;
- blends - two or more images are combined together to obtain smooth transition between them, but unlike a photomanipulation, they don't mean to present a single scene.
All of the above are not photomanipulations.